Cannabutter: How to Easily Make it at Home

If you ever wanted to make cannabis-infused edibles at home, the chances are that you came across an essential ingredient in most recipes: cannabutter.

Although cannabutter can be bought in-store, the process of making it at home is quite simple. 

Since most of the recipes presume that you already have cannabutter, they do not give instructions on how to prepare it. In today’s blog post we’ll walk you through the easy process of making cannabutter.

What Is Cannabutter?

Simply put, cannabutter is butter infused with a certain amount of cannabis. Cannabis butter is used in many weed baking recipes as a substitute for regular butter.

If you wonder why so many recipes are based on cannabis butter, it is because butter is a great carrier for cannabinoids in marijuana.

Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are lipophilic, which means they are fat-soluble and dissolve in lipids or fats. That’s why it is a well-known ingredient among people who prefer consuming weed edibles over other methods of taking cannabis.

THC and CBD, the most famous cannabinoids are lipophilic – they dissolve in lipids and fats.

Like any other cannabis product, cannabutter can have various strengths, depending on the amount and potency of weed used for its production.

How to Make Cannabutter at Home?

 

As we already mentioned, making cannabutter at home is not rocket science, and it can be prepared in the kitchen in a few simple steps.

For this recipe, first, you will need to decarboxylate cannabis. Decarboxylation is a process where cannabinoids (e.g. THC) get activated using heat. Cannabis can be decarbed easily at home in five simple steps.

To make cannabutter at home, first you need to decarboxylate cannabis.

Choose the strain you want and start the process of decarboxylation. Choom offers a huge variety of different strains from well-known brands that can easily be bought in retail stores or in the online shop.

How to Decarboxylate Weed?

Weed Decarboxylation in the Oven

Instructions:

    1. Take the number of weed flowers that you want (for this recipe we will use 4 grams of weed with about 15% THC) and grind it.
    2. Break down the flowers with a grinder, but don’t overdo it since you don’t want to make a weed powder. If the parts of the cannabis are too small they can easily burn in the oven.
    3. Place the parchment paper on the baking tray.
    4. Spread the chopped cannabis flowers on the parchment paper.
    5. Put it in the oven at 220-235°F and bake it for 35 to 45 minutes.
    6. In the end, take out the baking tray from the oven and let it cold down*

*Be very careful when taking the baking tray out of the oven and always use baking mitts, since the tray can be hot and you can burn your fingers and hands.

Weed Decarboxylation With a Jar and Pot of Water

For this weed decarboxylation method, you will need:

    • Cannabis flowers
    • A grinder (to break the cannabis into smaller parts)
    • A mason jar with a lid
    • A pot
    • Water
    • Baking mitts.

Instructions:

    1. Pour water into the pot and place a jar with cannabis content in it. The jar should be closed with a lid. The pot should contain just enough water, so the jar can be heated but not too much water which can cause the jar to float around the pot.
    2. Heat it slowly, on medium heat, at a temperature between 200°F and 215°F for about 90 minutes. There should always be some amount of water, in order not to evaporate.
    3. After about 90 minutes, turn off the stove, and remove the pot and jar. Remove the jar gently using a baking mitt or kitchen glove and let it cool down for about 30 minutes. 
    4. Open the jar after 30 minutes, and you’ll have decarboxylated weed ready to be used for baking the edibles.

Important note: Heat the water and a jar at the same time. This will prevent the jar from cracking and exploding, which can occur when you put the jar into the already hot water.

How to Make Cannabutter: Step-by-Step Instructions

When you’ve decarboxylated weed you can start with the cannabutter preparation.

What you will need

    • 4 grams of decarboxylated cannabis
    • ½ cup of unsalted butter
    • ½ cup of water 
    • Saucepan
    • Fine mesh metal strainer
    • Two storage containers
    • Wooden spatula for steering or a wooden spoon
    • Cooking thermometer
    • Stovetop

The Process

Put the butter into the saucepan and add water. Place the saucepan on the stovetop and melt it on medium heat. Occasionally stir the butter until it is completely melted.

Then, add the decarboxylated weed into the saucepan. Using the wooden spatula mix it well with the melted butter.

Once you put the weed into the butter you should keep an eye on the temperature. The mixture should simmer on low heat (between 160°F and 200°F, but not above 200°F) for about 3 to 4 hours with occasional stirring. The mixture should not boil at any time.

You can also use a cooking thermometer to check what the temperature of the mixture is.

Cannabutter preparation takes around 4 hours.

The pan should be removed from the heat after 4 hours. Using a metal strainer, strain the cannabis from the mixture and pour the mixture into the heat-proof container.

Put the mixture in the fridge for a while so the butter can separate from the water (it will appear as a buttery layer on the top of the bowl).

After 60 minutes, take the bowl out of the fridge and separate the butter from the water. 

Pick an airtight container for storing food and place the cannabutter in it. Cannabutter prepared this way can be used for making various weed edibles.

Making Cannabutter Using a Crockpot

If you have a crockpot, then you can make cannabutter using this kitchen device.

For this recipe, you will need more cannabis. The  exact amount of decarboxylated cannabis that you will use is up to your choice and preference.

Put one cup of water and 2 cups of butter in the crockpot and set it on low temperature (160°F).

Start off with 160°F, and after the butter starts melting, you can increase the temperature, but not over 200°F.

When butter starts melting, stir the mixture with a spatula and add 8 grams of decarboxylated cannabis. Stir the mixture again. The temperature shouldn’t be greater than 200°F.

Cook the mixture for about 3-4 hours with stirring the mixture every 1 hour. Have in mind that using a lower temperature prolongs this process to more than 4 hours.

Depending on the temperature set, the preparation will last from 3 to more than 4 hours.

After 3-4 hours, turn off the crockpot, let it cool down for just a couple of minutes. Then pour the mixture into the container while straining the cannabis using a metal strainer.

Put the container with butter into the fridge for about 60 minutes to completely cool it down.

Next step is to take the container out of the fridge and remove the water residue from the butter. Place the butter on the clean cloth to remove any water left and then place it in a clean, food-safe container.

How to Store Cannabutter

To save your time and avoid preparing cannabutter from scratch each time you want to make weed edibles, you can store some amount of the cannabutter for further usage.

But if you want to keep your cannabutter fresh and safe for use over time, you need to properly store it.

Like any food, weed butter should be stored in an airtight, food-safe container that will prevent the impact of moisture, air, bacteria or sunlight.

For cannabutter storage, it is good to use a glass container with an air-tight seal. This way packed cannabutter can be stored in the fridge for two weeks.

Plus, you can put it in the freezer and keep it fresh for up to six months.

Cannabutter should be stored in a glass container with an air-tight seal.

You can always use adhesive labels, write the date of cannabutter preparation on it and easily check how long it has been stored.

Although cannabutter can be kept stored for some time, it is possibly the best idea not to make a big amount, so it can be used in short periods of time.

Cannabutter can be stored for up to 2 weeks in the fridge, and up to 6 months in the freezer.

Also, it is important to mention that each time you take cannabutter from the container, you should use a clean kitchen utensil.

If you’ve taken too much cannabutter, and want to take it back to the container, make sure that there is no excess moisture or dirt on the part of the cannabutter you want to return in the container.

Sometimes, even if all the storage recommendations have been followed, cannabutter can turn bad and not safe for usage.

Always check the looks and smell of stored cannabutter before trying it out.

Before using cannabutter in any recipe, always check how it looks and smells. For example, rancid or weird smell, different color or mold on cannabutter, are some of the signs that cannabutter is not good for usage anymore, and that it should be thrown away immediately.

How Potent Is Cannabutter?

As well as with any other homemade weed edibles, it is very difficult and complex to determine the exact amount of THC you will take with each portion of cannabutter.

How potent cannabutter will be depends on numerous factors, like the size of the cannabutter portion, the potency of the weed strain that is used, the amount of butter and weed used in preparation, how well it is mixed and combined altogether and many others.

The potency of cannabutter depends on multiple factors.

Having all this in mind, when you consume or use cannabutter for making other edibles, start with small amounts, and adjust dosing according to your preferences.

When using edibles like cannabutter, always be careful, and once you take some amount of butter, wait for a while for the first effects. Edibles take longer to kick in, and they have a prolonged duration compared to consumption methods. You should always have this in mind before deciding to take another portion.

Disclaimer:  When canning any food at home (e.g. cannabutter or canna-oil)  you should be very careful since there can be a risk of the appearance of toxin that can lead to botulism, a very serious illness. This happens when food is canned, processed, stored or handled.  Bacteria that cause botulism can very quickly grow in cannabis edibles that are made at home. Bacteria can cause botulism poisoning which is a very serious illness that affects the body’s nerves and produces serious health consequences.

References

  1. https://bpspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.13710
  2. https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/what-is-decarboxylation
  3. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-cannabutter-article
  4. https://www.tasteofhome.com/article/how-to-make-cannabutter/
  5. https://www.medicaljane.com/question/what-is-the-best-way-to-store-cannabis-infused-weed-butter-cannabutter/
  6. https://greenerymap.com/blog/whats-the-deal-with-cannabis-butter/
  7. https://www.denverpost.com/2014/05/11/food-inspections-flag-health-threats-in-edible-marijuana-products/
  8. https://www.bethehippy.com/3-ways-to-decarboxylate-cannabis-with-a-mason-jar-for-edible-weed-infusions/
  9. https://cannigma.com/recipes/how-to-make-cannabutter-step-by-step-instructions/
  10. https://www.cdc.gov/botulism/prevention.html
  11. https://www.cdc.gov/botulism/general.html

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The Choom Gang

It began in 1979 with a group of friends on a small hawaiian island, with an even smaller van. This weed loving crew would go on to influence our world, but back then it wasn’t about the future, it was about having good times with good friends. Plenty has changed since then, but one thing remains the same; they are still sharing adventures, sparking ideas, and cultivating good times.

~Aloha

Disclamer

1. Please consume responsibly.
2. When canning any food at home (e.g. cannabutter or canna-oil) you should be very careful since there can be a risk of the appearance of toxin that can lead to botulism, a very serious illness. This happens when food is canned, processed, stored or handled. Bacteria that cause botulism can very quickly grow in cannabis edibles that are made at home. Bacteria can cause botulism poisoning which is a very serious illness that affects the body’s nerves and produces serious health consequences.

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